Three Series of Prints by Jacob Lawrence: Three Series of Prints - Genesis, Hiroshima, and Toussaint L'Ouverture

January 1 - March 31 2004


The Museum of Texas Tech University is presenting the exhibition, Jacob Lawrence: Three Series of Prints - Genesis, Hiroshima, and Toussaint L'Ouverture, in Gallery 3, located at 3301 Fourth Street.

Jacob Lawrence features 44 works including 31 color prints and 13 text pages from the three series. The exhibition is curated by Peter Nesbett, editor of Jacob Lawrence: The Complete Prints (1963-2000) / The Catalogue Raisonne and executive director of the Jacob and Gwendolyn Lawrence Foundation. The works come from the collection of Alitash Kebede of Los Angeles, California.

Jacqueline Bober, curator of art at the Museum of TTU, said, "The Museum is pleased to bring to the Lubbock community this exhibition. Opening in conjunction with the celebration of Martin Luther King Day and on display for the duration of Black History Month, the exhibition features powerful examples of Lawrence's social commentary in silkscreen print format."

Ms. Bober continued, "Audiences will find Lawrence's art reaches across social and racial boundaries to deliver thought-provoking commentary on relevant issues, both historic and more contemporary in nature. The Museum is fortunate to host an exhibition displaying the work of a renowned artist such as Jacob Lawrence."

Since his first published print in 1963, Jacob Lawrence has produced a body of prints that is both highly dramatic and intensely personal. In his graphic work, Lawrence has turned to the lessons of history and to his own experience. From depictions of civil rights confrontations to scenes of daily life, these images present a vision of a universal struggle toward unity and equality, deeply seated in the human consciousness.

Lawrence was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1917, and passed his formative years in New York City's Harlem neighborhood. In the mid-1930s he took art classes sponsored by the College Art Association and the WPA at the Harlem Community Art Center and, following a two-year scholarship to the American Artists School, worked in the easel division of the Federal Art Project. In 1941, Lawrence became the first African-American artist included in the permanent collection of New York's Museum of Modem Art, where he had a one-man exhibition in 1944. He lived and worked in New York City, teaching at numerous schools and universities until 1971, when he accepted a full-time faculty appointment at the University of Washington in Seattle, from which he retired as professor emeritus in 1983.

Jacob Lawrence received numerous awards and honors, including the National Medal of Arts (1990), the NAACP Annual Great Black Artists Award (1988), and the Spingarn Medal (1970). His work has been the subject of several major retrospective shows that have traveled nationally, originating in 1986 at Seattle Art Museum, in 1974 at the Whitney Museum of American Art, and in 1960 at the Brooklyn Museum.

The following are statements by the artist and from the catalogue about the three print series featured in the exhibition:



Lawrence writes:

"I was baptized in the Abyssinian Baptist Church [in Harlem] in about 1932. There I attended church, I attended Sunday school, and I remember the ministers giving very passionate sermons pertaining to the Creation. This was over fifty years ago, and you know, these things stay with you even though you don't realize what an impact these experiences are making on you at the time. As I was doing the series I think that this was in the back of my mind, hearing this minister talk about these things." (right: Genesis Series, No. 1 "In the beginning all was void." light screenprints on Whatman Print Matt paper, from hand color-separated photo stencils, Edition of 50 with 8 AP, 2 pp, 6 HC, 1 BAT, 1 AR, 1 CL, screens destroyed, image: 19 5/8 x 14 inches (49.8 x 36.5), paper: 25 x 19 1/8 (63.5 x (48.6) 



Lawrence writes:

"Several years ago I was invited by the Limited Editions Club of New York to illustrate a book of my choosing from a list of the club's many titles. I selected the book Hiroshima, written by the brilliant writer John Hersey. This work was selected because of its power, insight, scope, and sensitivity as well as for its overall content. My intent was to illustrate a series of events that were taking place at the moment of the dropping of the bomb... August 6, 1945. The challenge for me was to execute eight works: a marketplace, a playground, a street scene, a park, farmers, a family scene, a man with birds, and a boy with a kite. Not a particular country, not a particular city and not a particular people. (right: Hiroshima Series, Playground, 1983, eight screenprints on Somerset paper, from hand color-separated photo stencils, Edition of 35 with 10 AP, 5 pp , screens destroyed, image: 12 7/8 x 10 inches (32.7 x 25.5), paper: 14 7/8 x 11 inches (37.8 x 28.2)
Is it not ironic that we have produced great scientists, great musicians, great orators, chess players, philosophers, poets and great teachers and, at the same time, we have developed the capability and the genius to create the means to devastate and to completely destroy our planet earth with all its life and beauty? How could we develop such creative minds and, at the same time develop such a destructive instrument? Only God knows the answer. Let us hope that some day at some time, He will give us the answer to this very perplexing question."



From the Catalogue Raisionne:

These prints are based on forty-one paintings from a series also entitled Toussaint L'Ouverture, which was completed in 1938 and is now in the Aaron Douglas Collection of the Amistad Research Center, New Orleans. The paintings were executed in tempera and measure 11 x 19 inches, significantly smaller in scale than the prints. Lawrence reworked many of the images during the process of translating them to silk screen. When an image has been significantly altered from the original, that fact is noted in the catalogue entry. The captions Lawrence provided for the paintings at the time of their execution accompany each of the following entries. (right: Toussaint L'Ouverture Series, The Birth of Toussaint L'Ouverture, 1986, 32 x 22 inches These prints are based on forty-one paintings from a series also entitled Toussaint L'Ouverture, which was completed in 1938 and is now in the Aaron Douglas Collection of the Amistad Research Center, New Orleans)
Toussaint L'Ouverture was a leader in the Haitian revolution. Born a slave, he rose to become commander in chief of the revolutionary army. In 1800 he coordinated the effort to draw up Haiti's first democratic constitution. However, in 1802, before the Republic was firmly established, Toussaint was arrested by Napoleon Bonaparte's troops and sent to Paris, where he was imprisoned. He died in prison the following year. In 1804 Haiti became the first black Western republic.


The exhibition and museum tour are organized by Landau Traveling Exhibitions of Los Angeles. The exhibition is free to the public.

The main Museum complex is located on the SE corner of 4th Street and Indiana Avenue, across from the TTU Health Sciences Center and UMC Hospital, at Fourth Street & Indiana Avenue, Lubbock, Texas.

The Museum of Texas Tech University is an educational, scientific, cultural, and research element of Texas Tech University. It consists of several components: the main Museum, Moody Planetarium, Natural Science Research Laboratory, and Lubbock Lake Landmark state and national archaeological preserve.

The mission of the Museum is to collect, preserve, interpret, and disseminate knowledge about natural and cultural material from Texas, the Southwest, and other regions related by natural history, heritage, and climate. The Museum's collections, exhibitions, programming, and research complement the diverse interests of Texas Tech and its role in public and professional education in local, state, national, and international communities. The Center for Advanced Study of Museum Science and Heritage Management provides classroom instruction and field work for both theoretical and practical education. The Museum is dedicated to acting as a responsible partner to Texas Tech and the worldwide community of museums.

The Museum's collections in the arts, humanities, and sciences are held in perpetual trust for public education, exhibition, reference, enjoyment, and for research. Collections number in excess of three million objects. The Museum is accredited by the American Association of Museums.


Editor's note: The Museum of Texas Tech University provided source material to Resource Library Magazine for this article. If you have questions or comments regarding the source material, please contact the Museum of Texas Tech University directly through either this phone number or web address:


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