Editor's note: The following essay was reprinted in Resource Library on November 26, 2004 with permission of the author and the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum. If you have questions or comments regarding the essay please contact the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum directly through either this phone number or web address:


Women Artists of Santa Fe

by Michael R. Grauer



i. These included Paul Burlin (1886-1969); Robert Henri (1865-1929); William Penhallow Henderson (1877-1943); Gustave Baumann (1881-1971); Marsden Hartley (1877-1943); Randall Davey (1887-1964); Fremont Ellis ((1897-1985); Wladyslaw [Walter] Mruk (1895-1942); B. J. O. Nordfeldt (1878-1955); Olive Rush (1873-1966); John Sloan (1871-1951); Jozef Bakos (1891-1977); Willard Nash; Will Shuster (!893-1969).

ii. For further information on Rush see Stanley L. Cuba, Olive Rush: A Hoosier Artist in New Mexico (Muncie: Minnetrista Cultural Foundation, Inc., 1992).

iii. As cited in David F. Martin, "Louise Crow Boyac," Artifact (September/October 1995): 29.

iv. William H. Gerdts, Alice Schille (New York: Hudson Hills Press, Inc., 2001): 9.

v. Artists of Santa Fe (Their Works and Words) (Santa Fe: C. R. Wenzell Publications, 1969): 47.

vi. Sharyn Rohlfsen Udall, Inside Looking Out: The Life and Art of Gina Knee (Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 1994): 11.

vii. Ibid., 5.

viii. Ibid., 16.

ix. Ibid., 21.

x. Jack Graves, " The Star Talks to the Brooks, of Point House," East Hampton Star (19 May 1977), as quoted in Udall, Inside Looking Out, 57. Gina Knee eventually married the painter Alexander Brooks.

xi. The Morangs were already exhibiting as Santa Fe artists by 1937. See the exhibition pamphlet, "Twentieth Anniversay Exhibition, 1917-1937," School of American Research, Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe, 1937.

xii. Suzanne Deats, "Rediscovering Dorothy Morang," Focus/Santa Fe (April-May 1990): 45.

xiii. Treasures on New Mexico Trails: Biographies of New Deal Artists, (Santa Fe: State of New Mexico, 1994): 249.

xiv. Dorothy Morang, "Answer to Phillips Kloss," Inter-American Santa Fean (Winter 1942): 63.

xv. Artists of Santa Fe (Their Works and Words) (Santa Fe: C. R. Wenzell Publications, 1969): 51.

xvi. Sharyn Rohlfsen Udall, "Let the Year's Worry: Art Life in Santa Fe 1900-1942," Santa Fe Art Colony, 1900-1942 (Santa Fe: Gerald Peters Gallery, 1987): 20.

xvii It seems likely that Dorothy Morang also participated in some way.

xviii. Artists of Santa Fe, 23.

xix. Like Gina Knee, Tait also struggled with her beauty as a distraction from her work.

xx. This painting recently turned up at a Dallas auction, albeit after having been cut down, and is now in a private collection.

xxi. For the most complete study of Tait, see Lydia M. Pena, The Life and Times of Agnes Tait, 1894-1981 (Arvada: Arvada Center for the Arts and Humanities, 1984).

xxii Lefranc illustrated Marriott's book, Maria, The Potter of San Ildefonso, which received the "50 Best Books of the Year" award in 1948.

xxiii. Artists of Santa Fe, 49.

return to Women Artists of Santa Fe; essay by Michael R. Grauer


About the author

John Hazeltine, director of TFAO, toured west Texas art museums in April, 2013. While visiting the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum he met Michael R. Grauer, Associate Director for Curatorial Affairs/ Curator of Art at the Museum. Mr. Grauer has written several texts published in Resource Library. They are listed in TFAO's Author Study and Index. (left: Michael R. Grauer, 2013. Photo by John Hazeltine)

The Museum's website said of Mr. Grauer as of 2013:

Michael Grauer directs PPHM's curatorial staff, is the museum's Curator of Art, and oversees the weapons, sports, and cowboy and ranching artifact collections. Born in Kansas City, Kansas, he received a bachelor's degree with a double major in art history and painting from the University of Kansas and a master's degree in Art History from Southern Methodist University. After college he worked at the Smithsonian American Museum of Art in Washington, D.C. Michael didn't always plan on an art career, though. Originally, he wanted to play professional football or be a cowboy. Instead he went to art school, "because I could draw horses better than anyone and I didn't know what else to do." If Michael could live anywhere else in the world, it would be Taos, New Mexico (for the art scene) or Saskatchewan (because the name "sounds cool").


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