Ashcan Artists (The Eight)


(above: Ashcan School artists and friends at John Sloan's Philadelphia Studio, 1898)


This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "Ashcan Artists (The Eight)." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.

After articles and essays from Resource Library are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches. Following online resources may be information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles.

We recommend that readers search within the TFAO website to find detailed information for any topic. Please see our page How to research topics not listed for more information.


Articles and essays from Resource Library in chronological order

The Barbara Belgrade Spargo Collection: Facets of Modernity (1900-1950) (3/12/12)

The Artist/Athlete George Bellows, Tennis, and Gustavus; essay by Steve Wilkinson and Donald Myers (12/15/09)

The Eight and American Modernisms (3/17/09)

Ashcans, Trains and Factories: Students and Followers of the Eight; article by Frank Thomson (2/24/09)

Painters of American Life: The Eight (11/12/08)

The Eight; essay by Frank H. Goodyear Jr (8/1/08)

Life's Pleasures: The Ashcan School's Brush with Leisure, 1895-1925 (3/20/08)

Life's Pleasures: The Ashcan Artists' Brush with Leisure, 1895-1925 and Advertising in the Age of the Ashcan Artists (12/12/07)

The Independents: The Ashcan School & Their Circle from Florida Collections; article by Valerie Ann Leeds (8/22/05)

Old New York and Artists of the Period: 1900-1941; essays by Constance Schwartz and Franklin Hill Perrell (7/19/01)

Pride in Place: Landscapes by The Eight in Southern Collections (8/4/00)

Pride in Place: Landscapes by the Eight in Southern Collections (6/17/00)

Pride in Place: Landscapes by The Eight in Southern Collections (3/31/00)

Pride in Place: Landscapes by The Eight in Southern Collections (1/16/00)


for George Bellows

The Powerful Hand of George Bellows: Drawings from the Boston Public Library (4/29/08)

Leaving for the Country: George Bellows at Woodstock (10/2/03)

George Bellows: The Tragedies of War (8/9/03)

George Bellows in Newport and Beyond (5/24/00)

The Woodstock Art Colony (6/15/99)

George Bellows: The War Series (1/16/99)

An American Pulse: The Lithographs of George Wesley Bellows (1/99)

George Bellows: Love of Winter (12/6/97)

also see this online video

May, 2023 screenshot via Google video search:


for Arthur Davies

Arthur B. Davies: Dweller on the Threshold; essay by Randall Suffolk (6/22/01)


for William Glackens

An Intimate Look at William Glackens and The Eight (4/26/11)

The Spectacle of Life: The Art of William Glackens; essay by Jorge H. Santis (7/22/09)

William J. Glackens, Painter: A Tribute to C. Richard Hilker, Patron; article by Dean Porter (8/24/01)


for Robert Henri:

The Portraits of Robert Henri: Context and Influences; article by Valerie Ann Leeds (8/2/05)

Robert Henri and the 1915 San Diego Exposition; essay by Jean Stern (1/27/05)

Robert Henri and His Influence (11/19/02)

Robert Henri and His Influence: From the Permanent Collection of the Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery (8/21/02)

Robert Henri and His Influence, from the Permanent Collection of the Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery and Sculpture Garden (5/20/02)

San Diego Beginnings, essay by Martin E. Petersen (7/6/01)

Robert Henri: American Icon; essay by Valerie Ann Leeds (5/11/01)

Robert Henri: The Early Years; essay by Bennard Perlman (5/10/01)

Robert Henri and His Circle: Selections from the Permanent Collection (1//17/99)

also see these online videos

May, 2023 screenshot via Google video search:

Robert Henri and the Art Spirit, a 1990 28-minute video from EPN.


for Rockwell Kent

In Review: The Prints of Rockwell Kent: A Catalogue Raisonné, essay by Scott R. Ferris (8/18/05)

Rockwell Kent: The Mythic and the Modern (4/4/05)

An Eye for Maine: Paintings from a Private Collection; essay by Donelson Hooopes (11/30/04)

Seeing Red: Rockwell Kent and the Farnsworth Art Museum; article by Victoria K. Woodhull (9/3/04)

Generations: The Artistic Heritage of Rockwell Kent, essay by Scott R. Ferris (11/18/02)

Distant Shores: The Odyssey of Rockwell Kent (5/26/00)

The View from Asgaard: Rockwell Kent's Adirondack Legacy (4/9/99) revised (1/19/00)

One Hundred Years of Maine at Work


for Walt Kuhn:

Walt Kuhn: An Imaginary History of the West (11/6/99)


for George Luks

George Luks: The Watercolors Rediscovered; essay by Judith Hansen O'Toole (11/24/08)

George Luks : An Artistic Legacy; essay by Judith Hansen O'Toole (4/19/01)


for Maurice Prendergast:

Maurice Brazil Prendergast, 1853-1324, Merry-Go-Round, Nahant, around 1900-1901; essay by Carol Clark (2/4/02)


for John Sloan:

Seeing the City: Sloan's New York (11/7/08)

Seeing the City: Sloan's New York (11/3/07)

Urban American Scenes: Works by John Sloan, Isabel Bishop and Jacob Lawrence (4/1/04)

The Gist of Drawings: Works on Paper by John Sloan (11/3/00)

John Sloan's Etchings: Imagination, Invention, and a Passion for "Needling In" (3/2/00)

also see this online video

May, 2023 screenshot via Google video search:


for Eugene Speicher:

Eugene Speicher: An Artist Reconsidered (9/22/03)


Topical online videos

May, 2023 screenshots via Google video search:


Also from the Web

The Ashcan School - New York City, 1908 to C.1913, from Accessed July, 2015

"The Ashcan School" by H. Barbara Weinberg, Department of American Paintings and Sculpture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accessed July, 2015

Ashcan School from Art Story Foundation. Accessed July, 2015

The Ashcan School from Wikipedia. Accessed July, 2015

George Bellows, an exhibit held November 15, 2012 - February 18, 2013 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accessed February, 2015.

George Bellows, an exhibit held June 10 - October 8, 2012 at the National Gallery of Art. Includes two-part online film and audio from symposium. Accessed March, 2015.

George Bellows: A Ringside Seat, an exhibit held September 5 - December 10, 2006 at the Mead Art Museum. Accessed February, 2015

Jerome Myers: Raising Hope in the New World is a 2014 exhibit at the Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art which says: "Myers' work rightfully takes an esteemed place beside those other urban realists like Robert Henri, John Sloan, and George Luks, among many others, who confidently turned away from traditional studio themes to depict the familiar and everyday reality of their surroundings." Accessed 2/19

"Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York" from Mario Naves. Accessed July, 2015

"New York City and the Ashcan school - American art movement," Nov, 1995 by Virginia M. Mecklenburg from Magazine Antiques. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Notes on the Ethnic Image in Ashcan School Paintings by Maggie Stenz, from Accessed July, 2015

Toledo Museum of Art provides several online catalogues free of charge. An example is George Bellows and New York 1900-1930, published in conjunction with a 2013 exhibition. TMA notes that all works are from its collection. Accessed April, 2015

The Virtual Armory Show from the University of Virginia American Studies Program. Accessed July, 2015



Google announced in 2004 a collaboration with institutional libraries to digitize large quantities of books: the Google Books Library Project. Public domain books are available on a full view open access basis. Copyrighted material is treated in one of three ways. Google negotiates with cooperating publishers through its Google Books Partner Program for "Limited Preview" of entire pages or sections within books by readers. For scanned books without copyright permissions, "snippets" are available. For remaining books basic information is provided without ability to search within the book. The snippets inform readers about the relevance of the book to their subject of inquiry.

A Google Book Search conducted April 26, 2008 located 651 books featuring either full view or Limited Preview with the search phrase "Ashcan artists." Books with "Limited Preview" include:

Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York, By Rebecca Zurier, Robert W. Snyder, Virginia M. Mecklenburg, National Museum of American Art (U.S.), Published 1995 by W. W. Norton & Company, New York (N.Y.). 232 pages. ISBN:0393039013. Google Books says: "Showcases the exhibition" Note: Google Books offers a Limited Preview of this book. For more information on this and other digitizing initiatives from publishers please click here and here.(right: front cover, Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York, image courtesy Google Books)


Return to Topics in American Representational Art


TFAO catalogues:

American Representational Art links to dozens of topics in American Representational Art

Audio Online a catalogue of online streaming audio recordings

Collections of Historic American Art notable private collections

Distinguished Artists a national registry of historic artists

Geographic Tour of American Representational Art History a catalogue of articles and essays that describe the evolution of American art from the inception of the United States to WWII.

Illustrated Audio Online streaming online narrated slide shows

Articles and Essays Online substantive texts published outside of Resource Library

Videos Online a comprehensive catalogue of online full motion videos streamed free to viewers

Videos an authoritative guide to videos in VHS and DVD format

Books general reference books published on paper

Interactive media media in CD-ROM format

Magazines paper-published magazines and journals


Links to sources of information outside of our web site are provided only as referrals for your further consideration. Please use due diligence in judging the quality of information contained in these and all other web sites. Information from linked sources may be inaccurate or out of date. TFAO neither recommends or endorses these referenced organizations. Although TFAO includes links to other web sites, it takes no responsibility for the content or information contained on those other sites, nor exerts any editorial or other control over them. For more information on evaluating web pages see TFAO's General Resources section in Online Resources for Collectors and Students of Art History.


Search Resource Library

Copyright 2019 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc., an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights reserved.